Clark project

Thomas & Elizabeth (Clark) Galloway
of Texas, Baltimore County, Maryland

by Conrad W. Terrill, &
Harry Richard Clark III,
& George James Clark,
6 Nov. 2012

Sources for much of the following may be found in the companion “records history.”

Elizabeth Clark, whom we believe was a sister of John Clark, Augustus Clark and Richard P. Clark of Texas, Baltimore County, Maryland, was born between 1800 and 1804, the youngest of the four siblings. On 2 Oct. 1822 she and Thomas Galloway (who was born about 1798 in Maryland) obtained a marriage license in Baltimore County, and we can assume they were married shortly thereafter. They may have been married at St. John the Evangelist (Saint Johns on the Ridge), the oldest Catholic church in Baltimore County, built just that year about nine miles east of Texas on the ridge dividing Long Green and Dulaneys Valleys. Their daughter Elizabeth, who died on 6 May 1829 at age eleven months and nineteen days, was buried in the cemetery there, as was son Thomas, who was born 11 Nov.1829 and died 29 Mar. 1831, at age one year and four months. These tombstones, transcribed sometime in the mid-1900’s, can no longer be found there. For decades St. Johns on the Ridge was a rural mission church (the second) of St. Ignatius, at Hickory, Harford County. The extant church registers of St. Johns start from 1856, too late to be of any use to us concerning the Galloway family.

Here’s what we know of the children of Thomas & Elizabeth (Clark) Galloway:

John Galloway, b. ~1823, d. 18 Dec. 1880, near Timonium
Aquilla Galloway, b. 28 Apr. 1826, d. 25 Sep. 1879
a son, b. ~1825-30 (d. bef. 1840)
Elizabeth Galloway, b. 18 May 1828, d. 6 May 1829
Thomas Galloway, b. 11 Nov. 1829, d. 29 Mar. 1831
Annie E. Galloway, b. 18 May 1835 (more likely 1832), d. 13 Dec. 1905

Elizabeth was called “Betsy,” or at least her nephew Henry Clark, son of Richard P., knew her as (Aunt) Betsy, per Annie E. (Galloway) Clark’s 1905 death certificate.

In 1830 Thomas and Elizabeth and family were living in what was then known as District 2 of Baltimore County, in the area which would later be called Texas. There was one male slave of age 36 to 55, one 24 to 36 and two 10 to 24 in the household, plus a free colored female under 10. There was also an adult free white male, 30 to 40, whom we cannot identify. Thomas was presumably farming, probably planting tobacco. Also in the household were six free white female octogenarians and two free white female centenarians! Thomas was about 33 years old at this time, and Elizabeth was in her late twenties, and it appears they were running an old folks’ home.

By 1837 Thomas apparently owned a twenty-some acre plot of land in Baltimore County, bounded by the Yorktown turnpike to the east, and a county road which would later be called Church Lane to the north, and to the west was a 22 acre plot which John Clark also apparently leased from the Cockeys. We know of this from an 1837 Amon Bosley plat (see the plat, JPEG, 911KB, and see out John Clark story for more details and some Texas background).

In 1840 the Galloway family was still in District 2 of Baltimore County. There was only one unidentifiable free white person in the household in this census year, a free white female in her seventies. In addition there was a free colored female, 36 to 54, a male slave 55 to 99, two 24 to 35, two under 10, a female slave 24 to 35 and one under 10. Five persons were involved in agriculture.

On 9 June 1847 Thomas purchased 144 acres of land in Baltimore County from Grafton M. Bosley, 22-year-old son of the late Amon Bosley, who had been appointed Trustee by a Baltimore County Court of Equity to sell land in dispute between his mother, Rebecca Bosley, and his sister Elizabeth S. Bosley. Thomas purchased three tracts for $3600.

We learn something of the Galloway property from a 17 Oct. 1848 advertisement in The (Baltimore) Sun: “FOR SALE, in Baltimore county, a small FARM, containing from 60 to 80 Acres of Land, in a good state of cultivation and watered by never failing Springs of pure water; has a thriving young Orchard of Apple Trees. The Improvements are a two story LOG HOUSE, and brick Spring House. The said Farm adjoins that of Judge Nesbit, within a half mile of the Balto. and Susque’a railroad, and York turnpike. Also, a Tract of Land in Allegany county, Md., containing 181 Acres, situated within 2 miles of the National road, and 27 miles from Cumberland. For further particulars apply to THOMAS GALLOWAY, Baltimore county, Md.” Thomas’s land as shown on the 1837 Bosley plat was indeed across the street (Church Lane) from Judge Nesbit’s land, but the area of his land on that plat was only about 22 acres, The rest of the “60 to 80 acres” must have been part of the property he purchased from Grafton M. Bosley.

On 4 June 1849 Thomas purchased from Charles A. and Ann L. (nee Ann Lux Cockey) Buchanan all the land conveyed to Ann by her (grandmother?) Penelope D. Gist, excluding what had previously been conveyed to Mary Nesbit and what was being conveyed to John Clark that very same day (the 22 acres as drawn on the 1837 Bosley plat). In all, Thomas purchased 443 acres for $7882.54. To partially pay for this Thomas and Elizabeth mortgaged 143 acres of this property for $2000, that same day. This is the last record we have concerning Elizabeth.

Elizabeth appears to have died between then and 19 Nov. 1850, the day on which the Thomas Galloway household was enumerated in the 1850 federal census. If the enumerator was properly following instructions, Elizabeth would have been listed if she had been alive on 1 June 1850, so we conclude that she died before that. In 1850 Thomas Galloway, age 52, is listed as a farmer in what was now called District 1 of Baltimore County, with real estate worth $30,000. Son John, 27, was a physician; son Aquilla, 24, was a limeburner, daughter Ann was 18 and there was an Ann Galloway, age 75, perhaps Thomas’s mother, in the household. In addition there was Mary Barns, 22, born in Ireland (probably a domestic servant), Michael Brady, 23, a laborer, also born in Ireland, and Henry Gill, 19, black, another laborer, born in Maryland.

There are many more land records concerning Thomas Galloway that we haven’t sorted out yet. There are also numerous Baltimore Sun news items, all of which you can find in our records history. Many concern John Galloway in his role as physician at Texas, and they tend to be gory. Here are some of the less gory items:

9 Apr. 1853: “Thomas Galloway, Esq., of Texas, Baltimore county, was seriously injured by being thrown from his horse one day this week.”

30 Jul. 1853: Store Robbed, and Horse Stolen.—On Thursday night last the store of Mr. Aquilla Galloway, on the turnpike, at Texas, was entered and robbed of goods to the value of about one hundred dollars. On the same night a horse, the property of Mr. Saml Collings, who resides at the Ten Mile House, was stolen.

27 May 1854, p. 1: “Texas.—There has been considerable excitement among the laborers in Texas for some time past. A handbill was posted up about two weeks ago, warning strangers from coming there to work, on peril of their lives; the hands there, endeavoring in this way, to bring the employers to their terms. One day last week a “strange” man went to work for Fell & Robinson; the same night he was caught and badly beaten by some persons.” ...
“Accident.—Wesley Green had his leg broken at the lime quarries of Thomas Galloway, Esq., in Texas, on Wednesday, by a cart passing over it.”

24 Apr. 1862, “FOUND—On the Northern Central Railroad, a GOLD WATCH, in a damaged state, which the owner can have by describing it and paying for this advertisement. Apply at Timonium, or address me at Lutherville P.O., Baltimore co., Md. THOMAS GALLOWAY.”

29 Nov. 1862: “TAKEN UP ESTRAY, on the 22d instant, a large spotted SOW. The owner is requested to come forward, prove property, pay charges and take it away. THOMAS GALLOWAY, 10 miles on the Northern Central Railway.”

By 1860, Thomas Galloway, farmer, with real estate worth $11,000 and personal estate worth $1000, had remarried, to a woman named Martha who was born around 1806 or 1807 in Maryland. Annie, age 30, was still living at home, and there was a Georgeana Galloway, age five, in the household. John Galloway and Aquilla Galloway had married within the past ten years, and had young families of their own. John, 34, physician, had real estate worth $10,000 and personal estate worth $1000. He and wife Margaret, 25, had sons Joseph B., 6, Thomas, 4, and William, 2. Interestingly, there was a 15-year-old laborer named Augustus Clark, born in Maryland, in the household, along with three other persons. Aquilla, 31, was a lime burner, with personal estate worth $400. He and wife Mary E. (nee Kelley, apparently) had four sons: Thomas, age 7, John, 4, Ballard, 2, and Allen, 4/12 as of 1 June.

Two Baltimore Sun items tell us something of Dr. John Galloway’s property:

29 May 1866: FOR SALE—A COUNTRY RESIDENCE, 11½ miles from the city, on the York turnpike, with 80 acres of Land. The Improvements are a large DWELLING; Barn 60 by 52 feet; Farm house, Dairy, Ice house [sh]ed, and all necessary outbuildings.—There are two Apple Orchards and one Peach Orchard, with Pears, Cherries, Grapes, &c. The dwelling is high and healthy, and commands a fine view of the country and Northern Central Railway, and is within ten minutes’ walk of the railroad station. For particulars apply to Dr. JOHN GALLOWAY, on the premises, or by letter, at Lutherville Post-office, Baltimore county, Md.

2 Sep. 1871: Purchase of Another Almshouse Property.—The title to the property recently bargained for between the county commissioners of this county and Mr. Wm. Parks, being unsatisfactory to the commissioners, they have agreed to purchase the property of Dr. John Galloway, near the York turnpike and opposite Texas, distant from the station a little over half a mile.—It is a beautiful situation, commanding a fine view of the entire valley. The tract contains 79½ acres, and is improved by a fine dwelling erected by Dr. Galloway at considerable cost, a fine large barn, ice-houses, spring-houses, &c., all in good condition. There is also upon the place fine apple and peach orchards, extensive springs of pure water sufficient for all purposes, stone, lime and sand convenient. The price paid was $12,000. It is the intention of the commissioners to proceed at once to erect such buildings as the wants of the county demand.

The limestone almshouse built on this high ground—Baltimore County’s last Almshouse—overlooked the village of Texas in the valley below, and accommodated the poor, the indigent, and the insane of the county from 1872 to 1958. It now serves as the home of the Historical Society of Baltimore County.

By 1870 no children were living at home with Thomas and Martha Galloway in Timonium (probably, their post office address was Lutherville). Thomas was a farmer with real estate worth $20860 and personal estate worth $1000. Living with them was Mary Sweeney, age 60, a cook, and Susie Johnson, 15, who was “as of family.” Aquilla and his family were living nearby (his was the next household enumerated in the census). Aquilla, 45, was a laborer with personal estate worth $1000. Mary E. was 37. Their children at this time were Thomas, 17, John, 14, Ballard, 12, Frank (who must be the “Allen” of 1860), 10, Maggie, 8, Joseph, 5, and Mary, 2. Living with them was cook Patsie Brown, 28, and her two-year-old son William. John Clark, 45, physician, was still living in Texas, with real estate worth $9500 and personal estate worth $1500. His household included wife Rebecca, 35, sons Joseph, Thomas and William, 16, 14 and 11, cook Margaret Winn, 20, and two laborers, Thomas Ward, 50, and Michelson Cockey, 29.

Daughter Annie E. married her cousin Henry Clark, son of Richard P., around 1870. Henry, born in 1838, had lost an arm in the Civil War. In 1870 he was working as a railroad laborer, but by 1880 he was in business in Baltimore city as a lime dealer, possibly representing Annie’s nephew, John Galloway, who had continued the family’s lime burning business in Texas.

Thomas Galloway died 27 June 1872, in his 74th year. Son Aquilla died 25 Sep. 1879, at age 53, and son John died 18 Dec. 1880, in his 58th year. Daughter Annie E. died in December of 1905, and husband Henry died three years later. Their only child, Mary E. Clark, died at age four months and ten days—we don’t know the date.