Hauch Project

William and Sophia (Jacquillard) Hauch, of Newark, NJ, in the 1800s


by Judy and Conrad Terrill, 26 Jan. 2011

Note: Click on a picture to open a high-resolution version in a new window.

         William Hauch (1823-1906)

William Henry Joseph Hauch was born Franz Georg Wilhelm Haug on 6 January 1823 in Oppau, Bavaria, Germany.  He was the illegimate son of Luisa Haug, who lived at  21 Kirchgasse, Löchgau, Württemberg, Germany, at this time, and came 50 miles northwest to Oppau to give birth to her child.  Franz Georg Wilhelm was baptized at the Catholic church in Oppau on the day he was born.  He was named after Franz Georg Wilhelm Riede, his godfather (and perhaps, but by no means for certain, his father), who we believe was a son of Oppau’s mayor, Georg Wilhelm Riede.  Luisa Haug was 27 years old when her son was born, unmarried and unemployed.  She was born 22 January 1795 at Löchgau, daughter of Johann Michael Haug, citizen and wine gardener of Löchgau, and his wife Johanna Christiana, nee Spielmann.  The Haug family was Lutheran.  Luisa’s parents had been married for eighteen years when Luisa was born.  They were married on 10 Sept. 1776 in the Lutheran church at Notzingen, Württemberg, 28 miles southeast of Löchgau.  Johann Michael was a legitimate son of Jacob Haug, citizen and wine gardener of Notzingen; and Johanna Christiana was a single daughter of Johann Melchior Spielmann.1,2

Sophie Jaquillard (we believe) was actually born 22 June 1827 (not 20 June 1828), in Hansmannshoff, a hamlet in the town of Struth, about thirty miles northwest of Strasbourg, France. She was a daughter of Michel and Elisabeth (Gruber) Jaquillard.

You can read all we know so far about the origins and ancestry of William Hauch and Sophie Jaquillard, and you can view the records upon which all of this is based, by clicking on the following links:

Click here to read more about William Hauch’s origins and ancestry

Click here to read more about Sophie Jaquillard's origins and ancestry

Click here to see our William & Sophie Hauch family picture collection

   University of Vienna, c. 1850. 9

According to family stories (and we should mention that we do not have complete faith in the most ancient of these, since some conflict with others and some have proven erroneous), William Hauch was the only child of well-to-do parents, and a graduate of Vienna University.  His parents wanted him to become a priest, but William, sick of the opulence of the Catholic clergy and sick of their disregard for the poor lay people, left home and sailed for America.  His granddaughter Emma (Blair) Catalane described him, “over six feet tall—the usual German type—conceited, overbearing, well-educated.”  His granddaughter Anna Sophia Blair always felt that he had aristocratic forebears because of his manner, and his affection for his wife. 3

The year William came to America, according to the 1900 U.S. Census (the first to list a year of immigration), was 1844.  It’s common, however, for this kind of information to be off a year or so in either direction, and we think he was a “Wilhelm Hauck” who arrived in New York on 9 June 1845, aboard the Richard Anderson from Rotterdam, Netherlands.  He was 22 years old (so born in 1823), from Bavaria, and his occupation appears to have been “joiner” (cabinet maker).  William married Sophia Jaquillard on 16 March 1847, probably in New York City.  Sophia was born in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, on 20 June 1828, and (according to the 1900 Census) arrived in America in 1842.  Her brother, David Jaquillard, who was about 11 years older, had a wine store in Lower Manhattan, a long narrow store, the kind of place known as “a hole in the wall,” where customers did not loiter but drank their wine and quickly moved on. 4-8

William was enumerated in the 1850 federal census on 19 August of that year as “William Hagg,” in the 14th Ward of New York City.  He was a cabinet maker, and he and Sophia had two children—two year old William and seven month old Edwin.  There were five other households in the apartment building.  William worked for many years at the John Buttikofer Piano-Forte Company (he was an excellent wood-carver).  It may have been his first job in America, and he worked there until he retired, late in life.  David Jaquillard was in Newark, New Jersey, by 4 Oct. 1850, according to the census.  His family and that of “George Larrance” (George Lorenz, his brother-in-law) shared a house.  David was a cooper (barrel-maker) and George a farmer.  David and wife “Matiline” (Magdalena, nee Reiss) had two children, five-year-old Sophiah and one-year-old Caroline.  David Jaquillard and George Lorenz had a beer brewery (Lorenz & Jaquillard) in Newark in the 1850s, which they probably started before 1850 (in spite of their listed occupations).  David died 17 Aug. 1858, in Newark, at age 41, of inflammation of the lungs.  His occupation was still cooper. 8, 10-12

  Detail of a leg of a Butti-
  kofer piano, perhaps
  carved by William Hauch

John Buttikofer, who came to America from Switzerland, was in business in New York City by 1839.  His was never a large piano-forte company, but always a highly reputable one.  John probably stayed in business for over fifty years, probably until the day he died, in 1894 (which may have been the day William retired).  For most of those years John had only five employees, and William Hauch remained one of them.  In June of 1853 (we think) John was naturalized at the New York County Superior Court, and “William Hauh” (undoubtedly William Hauch), of 102 Elm St. (the address of the business at that time), served as his witness.  The company made about twenty-five pianos a year, grands and uprights, mostly of rosewood and walnut, and sold them for about $300 each.  William worked ten hours a day, six days a week, and earned about two dollars a day.  The company was probably idle during the winter months (in 1880 they were idle for six months), so William’s wages actually amounted to about $300 a year.  John Buttikofer moved to West Farms, Westchester County, NY, sometime in the 1850s, and commuted from there; and William Hauch moved to Newark, NJ, in the early 1850’s, and he too commuted.  He was a passenger on the first Central Railroad train to NYC, which he boarded at the East Ferry Street station in Newark.  You can read more about the John Buttikofer piano-forte company, and see pictures of a Buttikofer piano and of the store in the 1880s, by clicking on the following link. 13-14

Click here to read more about the John Buttikofer piano-forte company, and see pictures.

Sophia was Lutheran—she was born Lutheran, died Lutheran, and raised her children Lutheran.  William had renounced the Catholic Church and would not join any other.  There were people who wanted William to rejoin the Catholic Church, but William was adamant in his opposition, and often explained at length why he would not.  He did not believe in celibacy for priests (and he believed that many only pretended to be celibate).  He did not think that God wanted men to dress drably, shave their bodies, burden themselves with cumbersome clothes, and live lives confined, never to see God’s sunlight.  He deplored the elaborate service garb priests wore, of black, red and green velvet, paid for by parishioners who then could not afford to buy proper clothes for their children.  He deplored the lace skirts worn over the velvet, made by peasants who sat and made lace all day for pennies.  And he felt that the priests’ hats belonged in a circus parade.  Of the collection plate he said that the priests pleaded poverty but didn’t look poor, and would tell the parishioners to place their jewelry on the plate if they didn’t have money—“and the poor numbskulls would do it!”  He felt that priests ate off the fat of the land, and those beneath them got the scraps.  William always hoped that a person would come along one day who was strong enough to break the power of the Roman Catholic Church.  All his grumbling had no visible effect on his sons, all four of whom married Irish Catholic women. 15

Granddaughter Anna Sophia Blair heard that William could read, write and speak five languages, and she noticed that, after retirement, he often relaxed reading books printed in foreign languages.  There was an elegant carved upright piano in the Hauch house which William had carved himself—a small low type, not the popular heavy kind.  And in his retirement William had marvelous vegetable, flower and fruit gardens.  He raised grapes, and placed white paper bags over the bundles so that the grapes would be perfect.  And he made grape wine that looked and tasted delicious, according to his friends (ASB never tasted it).  William had no respect for men who sat at bars and guzzled glass after glass of beer, often paying for it with money needed to buy proper clothes for their children.  William would never sit and drink at a bar. 16

William Hauch insisted that granddaughter Emma Lousie Blair study German, instead of Latin as she wished.  Emma was very upset about this, but her grandfather wielded enough influence over her parents to get his way.  When her grandfather died he left her his German library.  When World War I came Emma was advised to get rid of it, which she did, to her later regret.  Anna Blair studied German too, but her grandfather told her she spoke it as a cow speaks English, which discouraged her enough to give it up. 17

Emma described grandmother Sophia, “a tiny thing—about five feet tall—only one who knew how to handle her husband.”  Emma visited her grandmother often, as a little girl (she was born in 1881 and lived to be 103).  Sophia once offered to take her out for hot chocolate if Emma would let her do her hair with kerosene and braids, to get rid of lice.  Sophia was not given any money, as women weren’t in those days, but she had charge accounts all over.  Emma on occasion witnessed Sophia telling William, “If you can have those checks ready by the time I’m ready to go out, I’ll put them in the mailbox.”  Then, while she was upstairs getting ready, William would begin grumbling, and finally boom out, “You’ll put me in the poorhouse.”  When she came down Sophia would say, “If you don’t want to support me I guess I’ll have to ask my brother to.”  (This part of the story must be off, because the only brother we know of was David, who died long before Emma was born.) Then Sophia and Emma might go off to visit Mrs. Lorenz, which Emma loved because the Lorenzes were well-to-do, and the butler always served beautiful little cakes with the hot chocolate. 18

Emma's own chocolate pot, given to her after she married.

Sophia had an exquisite French porcelain chocolate pot, with cups, and would serve chocolate to Emma at dinner.  William liked Limburger cheese, but Sophia wouldn’t have it in the icebox.  She kept it in the basement in a cool dry place in a stone crock.  After dinner she would give it to him and say, “I can’t sit in the room with that horrible smelly stuff.  Come, Emma, we’ll take our chocolate in the other room.” 19

Late in their lives Sophia asked William where he wanted to be buried when he died, whether in the Catholic or the Protestant cemetery.  William answered that he had had a good life with her, and wanted to be with her.  Sophia died in Newark on 27 Oct. 1905, at age 77, after 58 years of marriage.  William died 16 April the next year.  They lie buried in Fairmount Cemetery, in Newark.  (Tombstone picture) 20-22

The children of William and Sophia Hauch 23

William Hauch, b. 5 Mar. 1848, New York

Edward or Edwin Hauch, b. 8 Jan. 1850, New York, d. 21 Mar. 1851

Louisa Hauch, b. 11 Apr. 1853, Newark

Emma Magdalena Hauch, b. 28 Aug. 1855, Newark

Albert Hauch, b. 27 Aug. 1857, New York

Sophia Hauch, b. 24 Jul. 1859, Newark

Edward Hauch, b. 25 Aug. 1861, Newark

Frank Joseph Hauch, b. 16 Oct. 1863, Newark

Mary Elizabeth Hauch, b. 16 Dec. 1865, Newark

Ida May Hauch, b. 7 May 1869, Newark

 Comments?  Criticism?  Additional information?  Contact Conrad Terrill at cwterrill@comcast.net.


1.  We don’t have a picture of Sophia (Jaquillard) Hauch, and would very much like one.  If you have one, please let us know.

2.  We don’t know when and where William Hauch was naturalized as a U.S. citizen.  If you know, please let us know.  We would like to go after the actual record.


Abbreviations:  ASB = Anna Sophia Blair, NARA = National Archives and Records Administration.

1.  The name “William Henry Joseph Hauch,” the birth date and the birth place are all from Anna Sophia Blair’s notes, which include a transcript of the family records from the William Hauch family Bible.

2.  The rest of the paragraph is based on information which can be found in our article on William Hauch’s origins and ancestry.

3.  Stories from Emma Louise (Blair) Catalane (1881-1985) and her sister Anna Sophia Blair (1878-1972), as interviewed by Judy’s mother, Margaret (Catalane) Devaney (1912-2002), in the early 1970’s, at Judy’s request.

4.  1900 U.S. Census, Newark Ward 12, Essex Co., NJ; NARA series T623, roll 966, ED 115, p. 2A, line 13, William Hauch.  Available via Ancestry.com.  (JPEG, 1.4 MB)

5.  NY Passenger Lists, 1845, NARA series 237, roll 58, list 382, passenger 99, Wilhelm Hauck.  Available via Ancestry.com.  (JPEG, 1.5 MB)

6.  The marriage date, and the birth date and place (Alsace) for Sophie Jaquillard are from ASB’s notes.  “Strasburg” is from a marriage return (see below).  The information on David Jaquillard’s store is also from these notes.  ASB had a David Jaquillard wine store business card, but we never were able to get a copy of it.

7.  Marriage record for Andrew Blair and Emma Hauch, Newark, m. 3 July 1878, obtained from the State of New Jersey Dept. of Health and Senior Services, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Apr. 2007.  Sophia Jaquillard’s “Country of Birth” is given as “Strasburg.”  (JPEG, 976 KB)

8.  1850 U.S. Census, Newark Ward 5, Essex Co., NJ; NARA series M432, roll 448, p. 456A, line 30, David Jaquillard.  Available via Ancestry.com.  David was 33 years old, so b. ~1817.  (JPEG, 1.1 MB)

9.  We purchased this print of the old University of Vienna at an antique book store in Vienna in 2004.  The Jesuit Church, also known as the University Church, is on the right.  Here is a Wikipedia page for the Jesuit Church, with views of the sumptuous interior.

10.  1850 U.S. Census, New York Ward 14, NY Co., NY; NARA series M432, roll 551, p. 228B, line 5, William Hagg.  Available via Ancestry.com.  (JPEG, 1.1 MB)

11.  Records of births, marriages, and deaths of New Jersey, 1848-1900; Deaths Newark City v. N1-N2 1848-1867, LDS FHL film # 584564; David Jaquillard, d. 17 Aug. 1858.  We did not view the microfilm record.  We just found a reference to it in a FamilySearch New Jersey Deaths and Burials, 1720-1988 database accessible at the LDS FHL in Salt Lake City, UT.

12.  The rest of the information in this paragraph is from ASB’s notes.

13.  The sources for much of the information in this paragraph in this paragraph can be found in our story on the John Buttikofer piano-forte company.  Some of the information is from ASB’s notes.

14.  The information on the John Buttikofer naturalization record is from U.S. Naturalization Records Indexes, 1791-1992 database at Ancestry.com.  However, the date of naturalization on the index card, 1 June 1833, has to be incorrect, since the address given for “William Hauh” is 102 Elm St, NYC, which was the place of business for Buttikofer’s piano-forte company from 1846 to 1856.  So we’re guessing that the year should be 1853.  (JPEG, 1 MB).  We haven’t yet gone after the original naturalization record.

15.  All from ASB’s notes.

16.  Ditto.

17.  Emma Catalane, per Margaret Devaney.

18.  Ditto.

19.  Ditto.

20.  ASB’s notes.

21.  Two death certificates, obtained from the State of New Jersey Dept. of Health and Senior Services, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Jan. 2007:  Sophia Hauch, d. 27 Oct. 1905, and William Hauch, d. 16 Apr. 1906.  (JPEG, 961 KB)  (JPEG, 989 KB)

22.  Photo of tombstones taken by Judy Devaney at Fairmount Cemetery, Newark, NJ, in the 1990’s.  Here is a map of Fairmount Cemetery pinpointing the location of the tombstones (JPEG, 1.1 MB).

23.  From the William Hauch family Bible, per ASB’s notes.